• 1.0:
    The most significant activity limitation, players in sport class 1.0 have no trunk control and cannot bend forward or sideways or rotate to catch and pass the ball. To keep a stable position, the backrest of the wheelchair is higher and the athletes are strapped to the wheelchair.
  • 2.0:
    These players can move and lean forward and rotate their body to some extent, allowing them to catch the ball within a larger radius. Their wheelchairs have a higher backrest and strapping for trunk support.
  • 3.0:
    Trunk control of the players in this class allows them to fully rotate and lean forward, but does not allow them to lean to the sides.
  • 4.0:
    While 4.0 players can move forward and rotate similar to those in 3.0, they can also partially lean to the sides.
  • 4.5:
    Players in this sport class have the least eligible impairment and no restriction in trunk rotation or leaning forward or sideways. An athlete can also be allocated sport classes 1.5, 2.5 or 3.5. The activity profile of these half-pointers fits between the profiles of the lower and higher class.
  • Fairness Between Two Teams:
    Each team of five players is only allowed to have 14 points on the field of play at the same time.



Wheelchair basketball is fast, exciting and tough. The adaptation of the able-bodied version includes the use of wheelchairs, but it does not modify the size of the court nor the height of the hoops. Double dribbling is allowed. One, two or three points are awarded for each basket depending on the place of throwing, and wheelchair crashes and overturns are very common.


US Servicemen from the World War II played this sport for the first time in 1945 without knowing that a similar sport, called “netball”, had also emerged in a spinal cord rehabilitation hospital in Stoke Mandeville, England. Wheelchair basketball became a Paralympic sport fast and was played at the Rome 1960 Paralympic Games. It was included for the first time at Mexico City 1999 Parapan American Games.