Boccia is a game of strategy and accuracy. The goal is to propel six blue or red balls as close as possible to a white target ball. Players throw the ball with the hand, foot or head (using devices) according to their locomotor skills. Individual or paired competitions consist of four ends, whilst team competition is six ends. One point is received for each ball that is closer to a white target ball, and an additional point for every ball that is closer to the jack than the opponent’s one.
In contrast to many sports, boccia is one of the Paralympic sports that have no counterpart in the Olympic program. It is derived from an ancient Italian game bocce o boccia and was originally adapted for persons with cerebral palsy. Now it is also practiced by persons with motor impairment. Boccia made its debut at the New York 1984 Paralympic Games and was included in the Parapan American Games in 2003, in Mar del Plata.