• BC1
    Athletes in this class have severe activity limitations that affect their legs, arms and trunk due to coordination impairments. They can grasp and throw the ball and do not use assistive devices. Athletes with some leg control are allowed to propel the ball with their foot.
  • BC2
    Boccia players in class BC2 have more trunk control and arm function than those in BC1 and BC3. Their arm and hand function often allows them to throw the ball overhand and underhand using a variety of grasps.
  • BC3
    Athletes with significantly limited function in their arms and legs and poor or no trunk control due to cerebral or non-cerebral origin compete in BC3 class. Unlike BC1 players, they use a ramp to roll the ball. Athletes often require assistive devices to propel the ball as they cannot consistently grasp and throw it.
  • BC4
    Sport class BC4 comprises athletes with impairments that have no cerebral origin and that cause a loss of muscle strength or coordination. Athletes have very poor leg and trunk function, but are able to grasp and throw the ball.



Boccia is a game of strategy and accuracy. The goal is to propel six blue or red balls as close as possible to a white target ball. Players throw the ball with the hand, foot or head (using devices) according to their locomotor skills. Individual or paired competitions consist of four ends, whilst team competition is six ends. One point is received for each ball that is closer to a white target ball, and an additional point for every ball that is closer to the jack than the opponent’s one.


In contrast to many sports, boccia is one of the Paralympic sports that have no counterpart in the Olympic program. It is derived from an ancient Italian game bocce o boccia and was originally adapted for persons with cerebral palsy. Now it is also practiced by persons with motor impairment. Boccia made its debut at the New York 1984 Paralympic Games and was included in the Parapan American Games in 2003, in Mar del Plata.