• Handcycle H1–4:
    There are four different sport classes for handcycle racing. Lower numbers indicate a more severe activity limitation.
    Cyclists in H1–3 compete in a reclined position. Athletes in the H1 class have a complete loss of trunk and leg function and have limited arm function. Athletes in the H3 class have no leg function but good trunk and arm function.
    Cyclists classified as H4 sit on their knees and use their arms and trunk to accelerate the handcycle.
  • Tricycle T1–2:
    Athletes are classified T1 and T2 due to an impairment affecting their balance and coordination and as a result cannot ride a bicycle. T1 is allocated to athletes with more significant coordination problems or loss of muscle power than athletes competing in T2.
  • Bicycle C1–5:
    Athletes who are able to use a standard bicycle compete in the five C1-5 sport classes. The sport class profiles include amputations, impaired muscle power or range of motion and impairments affecting coordination. C1 is allocated to athletes with the most severe activity limitation, while C5 is allocated to athletes who meet the minimum disability criteria.
  • Tandem TB:
    Cyclists with a visual impairment race on a tandem bike with a sighted cyclist in the front. Cyclists with visual impairment either have a low visual acuity or a visual field restricted to a diameter of 40 degrees.



All Para cyclists start at the same time and must complete a number of laps in a circuit of 7 to 10 kilometers long. In time trial events, Para athletes start individually in intervals of 60 seconds. It is a race against the clock. The winner is determined by different factors according to the impairment.


Para cycling got its start with athletes with visual impairment competing on tandem bikes. Currently, this sport also features Para athletes with physical impairment, cerebral palsy and amputations competing on bikes. This Para sport made its debut at the Mar del Plata 2003 Parapan American Games.