Wheelchair rugby players are allocated to one of seven physical impairment sport classes: 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 3.5. The lower the number, the more significant the activity limitation.
Speed, strategy and skill are the main characteristics of wheelchair rugby. The aim is to score goals by carrying the ball across the opposing team’s goal line while in possession of the ball. Two wheels of the wheelchair must be across the goal line for the goal to be counted. In this Para sport for both men and women, players dribble or pass the ball to move it around the court.
Wheelchair rugby was originally called “murderball”. This sport was created in Winnipeg (Canada) in 1977 by a group of athletes with quadriplegia who were looking for an equivalent to wheelchair rugby. Wheelchair rugby has been part of the Paralympic Games program since Sydney 2000 and of the Parapan American Games since Toronto 2015.